Slight decline in new entrants to third-cycle programmes

In 2016, 2,930 new entrants began third-cycle programmes, which was 60 fewer than the previous year.

New entrants to third-cycle programmes

There were 1,350 women and 1,580 men among new entrants to third-cycle programmes. The distribution in percentages was 46 per cent women and 54 per cent men. In the last ten years, around half of new entrants to third-cycle programmes have been women. In the early 1990s, around one-third was women.

The median age in 2016 of new entrants to third-cycle programmes was 29. The median age for women was 29 and for men 28.

Number of new entrants, third-cycle students and degrees in third-cycle courses and programmes by field of Science and Technology in 2016:
 

New entrants to third–cycle courses and programmes

Third-cycle students

PhDs

Licentiate
degrees

All

2,930

18,010

2,990

690

Natural sciences

690

3,880

730

230

Engineering and Technology

630

3,700

590

330

Medical and Health sciences

970

5,860

980

50

Agricultural and Veterinary sciences

50

300

80

10

Social sciences

440

3,080

430

60

Humanities and the Arts

150

1,210

180

10

New entrants to third-cycle programmes and degrees are presented for each calendar year.
Third-cycle students are presented for autumn. Numbers are rounded to the nearest ten.

 

Data on new entrants to third-cycle programmes is revised annually, due to some delay in reporting by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). As such, it is highly likely that the number was greater in 2016. The number of new entrants to third-cycle programmes in 2015 has been revised upward with an addition of approximately 20 new entrants after subsequent reporting.

Most new entrants to third-cycle programmes at Lund University

Among the 31 HEIs offering third-cycle programmes, in 2016 Lund University had the largest number, with 390. Karolinska Institutet also had over 300 new entrants to third-cycle programmes (350), as did Uppsala University (340).

Decline in number of third-cycle students

In autumn 2016, the number of active third-cycle students was 18,010, divided into 8,500 women and 9,520 men. The number of both women and men initially declined by 300 compared with autumn 2015.

As for new entrants to third-cycle programmes, the number of third-cycle students is revised annually due to some delay in reporting. This means the number will probably surpass 18,010. The number of third-cycle students in 2015 has been revised upward by approximately 200 after subsequent reporting.

Doctoral studentships most common

Of the 18,010 third-cycle students in autumn 2016, 57 per cent were full-time students. The most common funding type was doctoral studentship. Two-thirds of third-cycle students had this funding type, among both women and men.

The share of third-cycle students with funding via doctoral studentship has increased by 9 percentage points in the last ten years. This is because an increasing number of HEIs have eliminated doctoral grants for new entrants to third-cycle programmes, which are usually replaced with doctoral studentship.

More PhDs

In 2016, 2,990 PhDs were awarded, which is 130 more than 2015. The number of PhDs has sharply increased in the last 20 years. In 1996, the number was 1,680.

In 2016, 1,380 women and 1,600 men were awarded PhDs.

Fewer Licentiate degrees

In 2016, 690 Licentiate degrees were awarded, which is 40 fewer than the previous year. The gender distribution was 250 women (37 per cent) and 430 men (63 per cent).

Increased student completion rates

The share of new entrants to third-cycle programmes from 2011 to award a PhD within five years was 48 per cent. That is 5 percentage points more than new entrants to third-cycle programmes from 2000.

High percentage of new entrants to third-cycle programmes from abroad

Studies at the third-cycle level have a significant international element. In 2016, 1,150 of new entrants to third-cycle programmes were from abroad. The Royal Institute of Technology had the most, with 180 new entrants. Lund University, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University, Chalmers University of Technology and Stockholm University each had more than 100 new entrants to third-cycle programmes from abroad. Of the new entrants from abroad, 40 per cent were women and 60 per cent were men.

Of the PhDs in 2016, 38 per cent were from abroad. Among PhDs from abroad, 37 per cent were women and 63 per cent were men.

Research schools for professionally-active teachers

The latest initiative for research schools for professionally-active teachers began in 2014. In 2016, 55 third-cycle students were registered in these programmes.

In 2016, 136 of 200 students at research schools for professionally-active teachers who began in 2012 were awarded a Licentiate degree.