Slight increase in new entrants to third-cycle programmes

In 2017, 3,060 new entrants began third-cycle programmes, which was 60 more than the previous year.

Data on new entrants to third-cycle programmes is re-vised annually, due to some delay in reporting by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). As such, it is highly likely that the number was greater in 2017. The number of new entrants to third-cycle programmes in 2016 has been revised up-ward with an addition of 80 new entrants after subsequent reporting.

There were 1,460 women and 1,600 men among new entrants to third-cycle pro-grammes. The distribution in percentages was 48 per cent women and 52 per cent men. In the last ten years, around half of new entrants to third-cycle pro-grammes have been women. In the early 1990s, around one-third was women.

The largest number of new entrants to third-cycle programmes was found in Medical and Health Sciences (620 women and 410 men). The gender distribution was relatively even among the new entrants to third-cycle programmes for all fields of research except Engineering and Technology where the share of women was 30 per cent and the share of men was 70 per cent.

Number of new entrants to third-cycle courses and programmes by fields of research and development and sex in 2017

New entrants to third-cycle programmes 2017

 

Number of new entrants, third-cycle students and degrees in third-cycle courses and programmes by sex in 2017

 

All

Women

Men

New entrants to third-cycle courses and programmes

3 060

1 460

1 600

Third-cycle students

17 380

8 240

 9 130

PhDs

2 840

1 370

1 470

Licentiate degrees

500

180

320

New entrants to third-cycle programmes and degrees are presented for each calendar year. Third-cycle students are presented for autumn.

There is a decline in the proportion that commences third-cycle programmes before the age of 31. It was the highest for the cohorts of 1975-1978, by 1.6 per cent. In recent years, the proportion has declined to 0.8 per cent.

Decline in number of third-cycle students

In autumn 2017, the number of active third-cycle students was 17,380, divided into 8,240 women and 9,130 men. Initially the number of women declined by 390 and the number of men declined by 520 compared with autumn 2016. UKÄ och SCB 160 UF 21 SM 1801

Of the third-cycle students in autumn 2017, 57 per cent were full-time students. The most common funding type was doctoral studentship. Two-thirds of third-cycle students had this funding type, among both women and men.

The share of third-cycle students with funding via doctoral studentship has increased by 11 percentage points in the last ten years. This is because an increasing number of HEIs have eliminated doctoral grants for new entrants to third-cycle programmes, which are usually replaced with doctoral studentship.

Fewer PhDs

In 2017, 2,840 PhDs were awarded, which is 150 fewer than 2016 when the number of PhDs awarded was the highest ever. The number of PhDs has sharply increased in the last 20 years. In 1998, the number was 1,930.

The gender distribution was even, 48 per cent women and 52 per cent men.

In 2017, 500 Licentiate degrees were awarded, which is 190 fewer than the previous year. The gender distribution was 180 women (36 per cent) and 320 men (64 per cent).

The share of new entrants to third-cycle programmes from 2012 to take a PhD within five years was 45 per cent. That is 2 percentage points more than new entrants to third-cycle programmes from 2000.

High percentage of new entrants to third-cycle programmes from abroad

Studies at the third-cycle level have a significant international element. In 2017, 1,260 (41 per cent) of new entrants to third-cycle programmes were from abroad. The Royal Institute of Technology had the most, with 230 new entrants. Lund University, Karolinska Institutet, Uppsala University, Chalmers University of Technology and Stockholm University each had more than 100 new entrants to third-cycle programmes from abroad. Of the new entrants from abroad, 43 per cent were women and 57 per cent were men.