The proportion of employees with research and teaching duties has increased

The proportion of employees with research and teaching duties has increased in comparison to employees with other duties at HEIs. Since 1987, the number of employees with research and teaching duties has increased from 12,900 to 30,100 FTEs.

The number of employees with other than research and teaching duties has during the same time period remained relatively constant around 20,000 FTEs. This means that the proportion of employees (excluding doctoral students) with research and teaching duties has increased between 1987 and 2017, from 41 to 59 per cent. Since 2001 the number of research and teaching employees (FTEs) has exceeded the number of employees with other duties.

It is mostly among women that the proportion of research and teaching employees has increased. Among all employed women (excluding doctoral students), the proportion with research and teaching duties has increased from 23 to 50 per cent between 1987 and 2017. The corresponding proportion among men has increased from 56 to 69 per cent during the same time period.

The number of employed FTEs at universities and university colleges 1987-2017

The number of employed FTEs at universities and university colleges 1987-2017.

All employees

In October 2017, the number of employees at Swedish higher education institutions (HEIs) amounted to 75,500, which was an increase by 500 compared to October 2016. The number of employees calculated as FTEs amounted to 60,600. The number of FTEs was unchanged compared to last year.

Women and men

The number of women employed at HEIs was 39,700, or 31,600 FTEs. The corresponding number of men was 35,800, or 29,000 FTEs. This means that 52 per cent of all FTEs were women and 48 per cent were men.

Research and teaching employees

The number of employees with research and teaching duties continues to increase. In 2017 they amounted to 36,000. Calculated as FTEs this corresponds to 30,100, of which 13,500 were women and 16,500 men, or 45 per cent women and 55 per cent men. Both the number of employees and FTEs with research and teaching duties have increased with 2 per cent, 300 employees and 200 FTEs, since 2016. Since 2001, the number of employees with research and teaching duties, calculated as FTEs, has increased by 37 per cent. The number has increased in all employment categories except for lecturers. The number of lecturers has continuously decreased for many years.

Uppsala University and Lund University have the largest number of FTEs with research and teaching duties

71 per cent of all employees with research and teaching duties, were employed at the 10 (by number of FTEs) largest HEIs. Uppsala University and Lund University have 3,100 and 3,000 FTEs respectively, which is more than any other HEI. The University of Gothenburg followed with 2,700 FTEs.

The largest number of FTEs in social sciences and medical and health sciences

Of all the research and teaching staff, 25 per cent worked in the field of social sciences, 7,400 FTEs. Almost as many FTEs were working in the field of medical and health sciences. Natural sciences followed with 6,500 FTEs, which corresponds to 22 per cent. These fields can be further divided into fields of application. Health sciences and clinical medicine (in the field of medical and health sciences) were the two largest fields of application with 2,200 and 2,100 FTEs respectively.

The proportion of employees with third-cycle qualifications is unchanged

Of the employees with research and teaching duties at HEIs, 72 per cent had third-cycle qualifications. Third-cycle qualifications consist of degree of doctor, degree of licentiate and other third-cycle educations. Since 2001, the proportion of research and teaching employees with third-cycle qualifications has increased by 15 percentage points, but since 2016 the proportion hasn’t changed.

Most employees are in the 40-44 age group, and more continue to work after the age of 65

Among research and teaching staff, the largest number of employees were in the 40-44 year age group (5,200 persons, or 14 per cent). Thereafter the number decreased for each age group, and the proportion who were 65 years and older was 7 per cent. The number of employees who continue to work after the age of 65 has been increasing for several years. Almost half (49 per cent) of the employees in the oldest age group are working as professors.