Assessment of quality assurance systems in Tanzania and Mozambique
As part of a Sida project to develop and strengthen research and education in the two countries, UKÄ (Swedish Higher Education Authority) has participated in an assesment of higher education systems in Tanzania and Mozambique. The results showed that both Tanzania and Mozambique have reached good results at an overall level but face challenges in translating theory into practice.
Four HEI audits were made within the framework of the project ‘Assessment of quality assurance systems for postgraduate programmes in Tanzania and Mozambique’. The authorities responsible for quality assurance of higher education in the countries were also reviewed.
Viveka Persson, Head of Unit at the Department of Quality Assurance at the Swedish Higher Education Authority, participated in the project. She is positive about the results and believes that both Mozambique and Tanzania has come a long way in terms of quality assurance and quality work at an overall level.
”Both countries have within a relatively short time created a system for quality assurance of higher education, including university accreditation. The major challenge ahead is to implement policies and guidelines into concrete action and create a ’quality culture’ that permeates the entire system. This implementation process will take time”, says Viveka Persson.
Parallels with the development of the Swedish system for quality assurance
There are parallels between the development of the Swedish quality assurance system in higher education and the challenges that Mozambique and Tanzania face. Tanzania, for example, recently developed a University Qualifications Framework System reminiscent of the Swedish, with a focus on knowledge and skills to be achieved through education.
”In Sweden we can see that being evaluated against qualitative targets is a driving force in the development of higher education institutions. But the qualitative targets only became widely known once they began to be used for evaluation purposes. If reviews are to contribute to development, both methods and steering documents need to be pushing in that direction”, says Viveka Persson.