Applicants and admitted to higher education at first and second cycle studies autumn term 2018
Decrease in number of applicants to higher education
For autumn 2018, 122 000 people without previous higher education studies applied to higher education institutions. This is a two percent decrease compared to the previous autumn when the figure was 125 000. Among those applying who had no previous higher education, 59 percent were women and 41 percent were men.
Of the applicants without previous higher education studies, 22 percent were 19 years old in autumn 2018, which was as large a proportion as the previous autumn. Those aged 22-25 made up the largest age group, 24 percent of the applicants without previous higher education studies. The number of applicants in relation to the same age population as a whole had decreased among those aged 19 and 22-25 since autumn 2017, but increased somewhat among 20-year-olds.
In addition to applicants without previous higher education, there is a large number of applicants who have already studied at one or more higher education institutions. A total of 407 000 persons applied to programmes and courses at higher education institutions in autumn 2018, which was a one percent decrease compared to the autumn of 2017. Out of the total number of applicants, 62 per-cent were women and 38 percent were men.
Increased number of admissions of persons without previous higher education
Up until the beginning of September 2018, 55 000 persons without previous higher education were admitted, which was an increase of two percent compared to the previous autumn. Of those admitted, 57 percent were women and 43 percent men.
A total of 245 000 applicants to programmes and courses were admitted in the autumn of 2018, which was an increase compared to the previous autumn.
Larger proportion of admissions compared to the previous autumn
Of applicants without previous higher education studies, 45 percent were admitted in autumn 2018. The corresponding figure for autumn 2017 was 43 percent. Between 2000 and 2011 the proportion of applicants varied but constantly exceeded 50 percent and was as high as 57 percent in 2001. Since 2011 the proportion of applicants admitted has decreased. In the autumn of 2018, the proportion of persons admitted to their first choice of programme out of the total num-ber of those admitted to programmes remained the same as the previous au-tumn, 62 percent, for people without previous higher education.
Proportion of admitted still higher among men
The proportion of admitted of the applicants for autumn 2018 was 47 percent among men and 44 percent among women. Since 1998 the proportion has been higher for men than for women. One reason for this is that women to a greater extent apply for educations in health care and nursing, social care, which are more competitive, whereas men to a greater extent apply for education in engineering and manufacturing, where there is generally fewer qualified applicants per admitted student.
Applicants to programmes leading to a Degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing and teacher training programmes decreased
Of the 161 600 qualified first-choice applicants to programmes, 16 000 persons applied to a teacher training programme, which was a five percent decrease compared to the previous autumn. Between autumn 2012 and autumn 2016, the number of qualified first-choice applicants to the teacher training programmes increased from 12 600 to 17 800. The number of qualified first-choice applicants to programmes leading to a Degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing was 6 900 in the autumn of 2018. The previous autumn the number was 7 600, which means the number of applicants has decreased by ten percent. The number of qualified first-choice applicants to programmes leading to a Degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing was at its highest in the autumn of 2015, with 8 900 applicants. However, the number of applicants to programmes leading to a Postgraduate Diploma in Specialist Nursing increased by seven percent from the autumn of 2017, from 5 100 to 5 400.
The single professional qualification with the highest number of qualified first-choice applicants was the Master of Science in Engineering, which had 12 100 first-choice applicants. It was followed by programmes leading to a Degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing with 6 900 and programmes leading to a Degree of Master of Laws with 6 700. Programmes can also be classified by specialisation. Programmes specialising in social sciences, law, commerce, administration had the highest number of qualified first-choice applicants (50 800) followed by health care and nursing, social care (36 700), engineering and manufacturing (23 600) as well as teaching methods and teacher education (19 400).
Greatest competition for places in psychology and veterinary programmes
Among professional qualification programmes with at least 100 admitted applicants, the programmes that had the largest number of qualified first-choice applicants per admitted student were psychology (9,4 qualified first-choice applicants per admitted student), veterinary medicine (5,7), medicine (5,2), law (5,1) and architecture (4,8). The competition for places in the physiotherapy programmes had decreased since the previous autumn, from 5,3 to 4,6 qualified first-choice applicants per admitted student.
Grouping the programmes by specialisation, the ones for which there was the greatest competition among applicants were oriented towards agriculture and forestry, veterinary medicine (3,0 qualified first-choice applicants per admitted student), health care and nursing, social care (2,4), followed by the area of social sciences, law, commerce, administration (2,3).
Since the spring term 2007, most applications to higher education in Sweden are administrated via the Swedish Council for Higher Education (UHR), previously Swedish Agency for Higher Education Services. The statistics presented in this report cover applications and admissions via the UHR coordinated admissions system to higher education at Swedish universities and other higher education institutions. In previous terms, admissions were also possible via the local admissions systems of individual higher education institutions, known as LANT. Apart from these two systems, for certain programmes it is possible to gain admission to higher education through special entrance tests administered by individual higher education institutions.
Applications are made by people without previous studies in higher education and by students who have been enrolled previously. Applications can be for entire programmes or for individual courses.
In the UHR coordinated admissions system, there are two admission rounds that apply to foreign students. These rounds are not part of the regular procedure for autumn 2018 and are therefore only reported separately under the heading “Utländska sökande och antagna” in this report.